协和医学杂志

2020, v.11(01) 49-53

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加速康复外科胃癌患者术后不常规留置导尿管的可行性
Feasibility of Non-conventional Indwelling Catheter in Enhanced Recovery after Surgery of Gastric Cancer

夏灿灿;刘江;赵健;王刚;王海锋;周嘉晖;储亚琴;李赟;江志伟;
XIA Can-can;LIU Jiang;ZHAO Jian;WANG Gang;WANG Hai-feng;ZHOU Jia-hui;CHU Ya-qin;LI Yun;JIANG Zhi-wei;Department of General Surgery,General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command;Seven West Ward,Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital of Jiangsu Province;

摘要(Abstract):

目的探讨加速康复外科胃癌患者术后不常规留置导尿管的可行性。方法回顾性分析2016年6月至2017年3月,南京总医院普通外科采用加速康复外科理念择期行胃癌根治术患者的临床资料。入选患者麻醉诱导期插入导尿管,手术结束时即刻拔除导尿管并以此时间为观察起始点,记录患者术后首次排尿时间、首次排尿量、重插尿管的比例,分析首次排尿延迟及重插尿管的危险因素。结果 137例患者纳入本研究,其中男性90例(65. 7%),女性47例(34. 3%),平均年龄(58. 9±10. 1)岁,术后首次排尿时间为(5. 3±2. 1) h,首次自解尿量(298. 9±101. 3) ml,重置尿管比例为11. 7%(16/137);相比开腹组,机器人组自主排尿率高,诱导排尿率、重置导尿管及尿路刺激征发生率均较低(P均<0. 05);以术后6 h首次排尿时间作为分界,与≤6 h组相比,>6 h组术中输液量、尿量及术后首次自解尿量均较多,首次下床活动时间延迟(P均<0. 01)。结论加速康复外科胃癌患者术后即刻拔除尿管是可行的,术中控制性输液、多模式镇痛是不常规留置导尿管的基础条件,机器人手术有利于患者术后早期恢复自主排尿。
Objective This study aimed to explore the feasibility of non-conventional indwelling catheter in enhanced recovery after surgery( ERAS) for postoperative patients with gastric cancer. Methods The clinical data of patients undergoing gastric cancer radical surgery with ERAS were analyzed retrospectively in the Department of General Surgery,Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Region from June 2016 to March 2017. All catheters were inserted in the patients during the anesthesia induction period and removed immediately after surgery. The first time of urination after surgery,the volume,and the proportion of re-catheterization were recordedat the observing start point. The risk factors of the delay of the first urination and the reset of catheters were analyzed. Results In all 137 patients,there were 90 male( 65. 7%) and 47 female cases( 34. 3%) with an average age of( 58. 9±10. 1) years. The first time of urination was( 5. 3±2. 1) hours; the volume of the first urination was( 298. 9±101. 3) ml; the incidence of resetting catheters was 11. 7%( 16/137). Subgroup analysis showed that the automatic urination rate was higher in the robotic surgery group. The induced urination rate,the incidence of resetting the urinary catheter,and the urinary tract irritation of the robotic surgery group were all lower compared with the open surgery group( all P< 0. 05). 6-hour was used as the cutting line of the first postoperative urination time. Compared with the ≤6 h group,the >6 h group had more intraoperative infusion,urinary volume,and the first time of postoperative urine volume that delayed the first time of mobilization( all P < 0. 01).Conclusions It is feasible for patients with gastric cancer in ERAS to remove the urinary catheter immediately after surgery. Intraoperative control of infusion and multimodal analgesia are the basic conditions for non-conventional indwelling catheters. Robotic surgery is favorable for early postoperative recovery of automatic urination.

关键词(KeyWords): 加速康复外科;胃癌;不常规留置导尿管
enhanced recovery after surgery;gastric cancer;non-conventional indwelling catheter

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基金项目(Foundation): 江苏省社会发展项目(BE2015687)

作者(Author): 夏灿灿;刘江;赵健;王刚;王海锋;周嘉晖;储亚琴;李赟;江志伟;
XIA Can-can;LIU Jiang;ZHAO Jian;WANG Gang;WANG Hai-feng;ZHOU Jia-hui;CHU Ya-qin;LI Yun;JIANG Zhi-wei;Department of General Surgery,General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command;Seven West Ward,Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital of Jiangsu Province;

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