协和医学杂志

2012, v.3(03) 287-292

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Titin抗原决定簇在正常胸腺、胸腺瘤和胸腺癌组织中的表达
Expression of Titin Epitope in Normal Thymus,Thymoma and Thymus Carcinoma

沈航;崔丽英;陈琳;任海涛;赵燕环;肖雨;
SHEN Hang1,CUI Li-ying1,CHEN Lin1,REN Hai-tao1,ZHAO Yan-huan1,XIAO Yu2 1Department of Neurology,2Department of Pathology,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College,Beijing 100730,China

摘要(Abstract):

目的探讨在正常胸腺、胸腺瘤、胸腺癌组织中titin抗原决定簇的表达及其与重症肌无力(myasthenia gravis,MG)临床表现的关系。方法选取4例MG伴胸腺瘤患者的胸腺瘤、1例胸腺癌、1例MG伴胸腺瘤患者胸腺瘤旁增生的胸腺组织以及1例正常胸腺组织标本,对所有标本作连续冰冻切片,分别进行HE染色、细胞角蛋白(cytok-eratin,CK)和titin抗原的免疫组化染色,同时测定MG伴胸腺瘤患者血清titin抗体的浓度。结果免疫组化染色结果显示,titin在胸腺瘤中表达呈强阳性,其分布与胸腺瘤上皮细胞的分布一致,胸腺瘤内淋巴细胞和其他结构titin染色呈阴性;在胸腺癌组织内titin染色呈阴性;在正常胸腺中titin染色位于胸腺小体,呈弱阳性,其他结构未见着色。4例MG伴胸腺瘤患者中有3例血清titin抗体阳性。结论 MG伴胸腺瘤患者的胸腺瘤组织中有titin抗原决定簇的表达,且仅表达于胸腺瘤上皮细胞,而正常胸腺组织中titin表达于胸腺小体,提示伴MG的胸腺瘤中发生了免疫微环境的变化。
Objective To investigate the expression of titin epitope in normal thymus,thymoma,and thymus carcinoma and explore the correlation of titin expression in thymus with the clinical manifestation of myasthenia gravis(MG).Methods Thymoma tissues from four thymoma patients with MG,thymus carcinoma tissue from one patient,hyperplastic thymus tissue from one thymoma patient with MG,and normal thymus tissue from one patient were obtained.Each specimen underwent HE staining and immunohistochemistry staining using anti-cytokeratin(CK) and anti-titin antibodies.Surum anti-titin antibody level of thymoma patients with MG was also examined.Results In MG-associated thymoma,the expression of anti-titin antibody was strongly positive,and its distribution was consistent with that of epithelial cells.However,the lymphocytes and other structures were not stained.In the tissue of thymus carcinoma,the expression of anti-titin antibody was negative.In normal thymus tissue,only the expression of Hassall body was weakly positive,while other structures were not stained.Serum anti-titin antibody was detected in three of the four thymoma patients with MG.Conclusions Titin epitope is expressed only on the epithelial cells in thymoma patients with MG.In normal thymus,titin epitope is expressed only in the area of Hassall bodies.These findings indicate pathogenic change of immune microenvironment in the thymoma patients with MG.

关键词(KeyWords): 重症肌无力;肌蛋白质类;titin;胸腺瘤
myasthenia gravis;muscle proteins;titin;thymoma

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作者(Author): 沈航;崔丽英;陈琳;任海涛;赵燕环;肖雨;
SHEN Hang1,CUI Li-ying1,CHEN Lin1,REN Hai-tao1,ZHAO Yan-huan1,XIAO Yu2 1Department of Neurology,2Department of Pathology,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College,Beijing 100730,China

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