协和医学杂志

2021, v.12(01) 54-58

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新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情防控期间北京协和医院首批发热门诊医务人员基本需求的定性研究
Basic Needs of the First Batch of Medical Staff in the Fever Clinic of Peking Union Medical College Hospital during Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak:A Qualitative Study

段艳平;曹锦亚;魏镜;蒋静;赵晓晖;耿文奇;朱华栋;
DUAN Yan-ping;CAO Jin-ya;WEI Jing;JIANG Jing;ZHAO Xiao-hui;GENG Wen-qi;ZHU Hua-dong;Department of Psychological Medicine,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;Department of Emergency,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;

摘要(Abstract):

目的探讨新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间发热门诊医务人员的基本需求,为全球抗疫医疗队提供借鉴。方法设计半结构式定性访谈提纲,包括:(1)工作层面:发热门诊工作时间、工作强度和安全保障;(2)生活层面:饮食、睡眠和身体舒适度;(3)心理层面:情绪、压力、应对方式和人际资源等开放式问题。采取整群抽样方法对北京协和医院首批发热门诊医务人员的基本需求进行开放式电话访谈。结果共37名医务人员接受访谈,其中男性8人(21.6%),女性29人(78.4%);医生16人(43.2%),护士19人(51.4%),医技2人(5.4%)。工作层面,建议抗疫一线医务人员的连续工作时间为4~6 h,可设定备班岗应对不同工作强度,应准备充足的防护物资以保障其生命安全;生活层面,根据班次时间提供工作餐是保证饮食的关键,提供临时助眠药可保证其充分的休息;心理层面,医务人员的紧张、担忧等负面情绪反应较常见,家人和同伴支持是重要资源,运动有助于缓解身体不适和不良情绪,心理支持有助于减轻医务人员的情绪反应。结论满足发热门诊医务人员的基本需求对疫情防控意义重大,保证医务人员得到充分休息,提供足够的防护物资,合理安排饮食和运动,同时关注其心理状态并主动提供心理支持是取得抗击新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情胜利的保障。
Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the basic needs of medical staff during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in a fever clinic, so as to provide a reference for the global epidemic medical teams. Methods A semi-structured qualitative interview outline was designed, including:(1)work level: working hours, working intensity, and safety guarantee in a fever clinic;(2)life level: diet, sleep, and physical comfort;(3)psychological level: emotion, pressure, coping style, and interpersonal resources. The basic needs of the first batch of the fever clinic in Peking Union Medical College Hospital was studied by open telephone interviews. Results A total of 37 medical staff were interviewed, including 8 males(21.6%) and 29 females(78.4%). Among them, there were 16 doctors(43.2%), 19 nurses(51.4%), and 2 medical technicians(5.4%). In terms of work settings, the ideal continuous working time was 4-6 hours per shift. There should be pro re nata positions during extremely high workload, and sufficient personal protective equipment was the key to safety. In terms of living conditions, providing meals according to different shifts was important for dietary needs, and sleeping pills were temporarily needed for sleep. In terms of psychological reactions, nervousness and worrying were relatively common. Family and colleagues were important resources of support. Sport could help relieve physical and psychological stress, and psychological support from psychologists was helpful in reducing their negative emotions. Conclusions The basic needs of medical staff should be respected so as to keep the efficacy of their work. We suggest that medical staff can rest after each 4-6 h working shift. Personal protective equipment should be sufficient. Psychological support should be noted in all of them and provided when necessary.

关键词(KeyWords): 新型冠状病毒肺炎;发热门诊;医务人员;基本需求;心理支持
coronavirus diseas 2019;fever clinic;medical staff;basic needs;psychological support

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 北京协和医院院内基金(ZC201902261)

作者(Author): 段艳平;曹锦亚;魏镜;蒋静;赵晓晖;耿文奇;朱华栋;
DUAN Yan-ping;CAO Jin-ya;WEI Jing;JIANG Jing;ZHAO Xiao-hui;GENG Wen-qi;ZHU Hua-dong;Department of Psychological Medicine,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;Department of Emergency,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;

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