协和医学杂志

2017, v.8(Z1) 161-166

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HIV阴性结核分枝杆菌血流感染成年患者临床及实验室特征
Characteristics of HIV Negative Adult Patients with Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Blood Stream Infection

张丽帆;边赛男;刘晓清;张月秋;杨启文;侍效春;徐英春;
ZHANG Li-fan;BIAN Sai-nan;LIU Xiao-qing;ZHANG Yue-qiu;YANG Qi-wen;SHI Xiao-chun;XU Ying-chun;Department of Infectious Disease,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;Center for Tuberculosis Research,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;Department of Internal Medicine,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;Department of Clinical Laborator

摘要(Abstract):

目的总结人免疫缺陷病毒(human immunodeficiency virus,HIV)阴性结核分枝杆菌(Mycobacterium tuberculosis,MTB)血流感染(blood stream infection,BSI)患者的临床及实验室特征。方法检索并纳入2010年1月至2016年1月北京协和医院HIV阴性,同时外周血分枝杆菌培养阳性并最终确诊为MTB BSI或外周血培养阴性但病原学确诊的肺结核患者。回顾性分析患者的临床和实验室特征。结果 6999例送检外周血分枝杆菌培养患者中,最终筛选纳入28例MTB BSI患者(研究组)和32例外周血培养阴性但病原学确诊的肺结核患者(对照组)。研究组女性患者比例(57%比25%,P=0.011)、体温峰值[(39.70±0.78)℃比(38.70±0.98)℃,P<0.001)]、累及1个以上器官患者比例(71%比3%,P<0.001)、合并严重并发症患者比例(32%比3%,P=0.008)和超敏C反应蛋白水平[94.74(61.63~144.21)mg/L比59.97(28.88~104.50)mg/L,P=0.016]均显著高于对照组,而外周血淋巴细胞计数显著低于对照组[0.44(0.27~0.77)×10~9/L比1.03(0.52~1.42)×10~9/L,P=0.001]。结论 HIV阴性患者也可发生MTB BSI,尤其高热的女性患者,病变累及多个器官,合并严重并发症,外周血淋巴细胞计数减低而超敏C反应蛋白升高时,需考虑合并MTB BSI的可能。
Objective To summarize the clinical and laboratory characteristics of HIV-negative adult patients with Mycobacterium tuberculosis( MTB) blood stream infection( BSI). Methods We searched databases of the Clinical Laboratory and enrolled HIV-negative patients with blood culture positive for MTB,or the microbiologically confirmed pulmonary TB patients with blood culture negative for MTB from January 2010 to January 2016 inPeking Union Medical College Hospital,and analyzed the clinical and laboratory characteristics of these patients retrospectively. Results A total of 6999 patients with blood culture for Mycobacterium were screened,and 28 patients with MTB BSI( case group) and 32 patients with negative MTB blood culture but microbiologically confirmed pulmonary TB( control group) were enrolled in the present study. The proportion of female( 57% vs. 25%,P = 0. 011),the peak temperature [( 39. 70 ± 0. 78) ℃ vs.( 38. 70 ± 0. 98) ℃,P < 0. 001],the proportion of patients with more than one organ involved( 71% vs. 3%,P < 0. 001),the proportion of patients with severe complications( 32% vs. 3%,P =0. 008) and the hypersensitive C reactive protein( hs CRP) level [94. 74( 61. 63-144. 21) mg/L vs. 59. 97( 28. 88-104. 50) mg/L,P = 0. 016]in the case group were significantly higher than those in the control group. The lymphocyte count in the case group was significant lower than that in the control group [0. 44( 0. 27-0. 77) × 10~9/L vs. 1. 03( 0. 52-1. 42) × 10~9/L,P = 0. 001]. Conclusions HIV negative patients can also have MTB BSI. MTB BSI should be considered when female patients with higher temperature,multiple organs involvement,severe complications,lower lymphocytes and higher hs CRP level.

关键词(KeyWords): 结核分枝杆菌;血流感染;HIV阴性
Mycobacterium tuberculosis;blood stream infection;HIV negative

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基金项目(Foundation): 艾滋病和病毒性肝炎等传染病科技重大专项课题(2014ZX10003003);; 公益性行业科研专项课题(201402001);; 中国医学科学院医学与健康科技创新工程项目(2016-I2M-1-013);中国医学科学院北京协和医学院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费课题(2016ZX310183-4)

作者(Author): 张丽帆;边赛男;刘晓清;张月秋;杨启文;侍效春;徐英春;
ZHANG Li-fan;BIAN Sai-nan;LIU Xiao-qing;ZHANG Yue-qiu;YANG Qi-wen;SHI Xiao-chun;XU Ying-chun;Department of Infectious Disease,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;Center for Tuberculosis Research,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;Department of Internal Medicine,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College;Department of Clinical Laborator

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