协和医学杂志

2020, v.11(04) 414-419

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华西心晴指数对老年手术患者住院时间、住院费用及满意度的评估价值
Value of Huaxi Emotional-distress Index for Evaluating the Length of Hospital Stay, Hospitalization Costs, and Patient Satisfaction in Elderly Patients after Surgery

李诗月;邓伟;杨磊;李茜;
LI Shi-yue;DENG Wei;YANG Lei;LI Qian;Department of Anesthesiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University;Mental Health Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University;

摘要(Abstract):

目的探讨华西心晴指数(Huaxi emotional-distress index,HEI)对老年手术患者住院时间、住院费用及满意度的评估价值。方法回顾性收集并分析四川大学华西医院麻醉科老年患者数据库2015年10月至2018年6月间患者的临床资料,包括性别、年龄、文化程度、美国麻醉医师协会(American Society of Anesthesiologists,ASA)分级、是否为恶性肿瘤、手术科室、术前简易智力状态评估量表Mini-cog评分、Katz指数、HEI分级(1~4级)及不良情绪等观察指标,分析HEI与住院时间、住院费用、患者满意度的相关性。结果共入选565例符合纳入和排除标准的老年患者,性别、年龄、文化程度、ASA分级、是否为恶性肿瘤、手术科室、Mini-cog评分等在HEI不同分级之间及有/无不良情绪两组间的差异均无统计学意义(P均>0.05)。不良情绪组患者的住院时间更长(P=0.003)、日均住院费用更高(P=0.001),且HEI分级越高住院时间越长(P=0.000)。HEI分级和有/无不良情绪均与术后第7 d患者满意度相关(P均<0.05),有不良情绪组术后7 d满意度更低。结论 HEI可较好预测老年手术患者的住院时间、日均住院费用及患者满意度。
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of Huaxi emotional-distress index(HEI) on assessing the length of hospital stay, hospitalization costs, and patient satisfaction in elderly patients after surgery. Methods The clinical data of elderly patients in the surgery database from the Department of Anesthesiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University during October 2015 and June 2018 were retrospectively collected, including gender, age, education, American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA) classification, malignancy, the surgical department, Mini-cog score, Katz index, HEI classes(1-4), and adverse emotion, to analyze the correlation of HEI with length of hospital stay, hospitalization costs, and patient satisfaction.Results A total of 565 elderly patients meeting the inclusive and exclusive criteria were enrolled in this study. There were no statistical difference in gender, age, education, ASA classification,malignancy, the surgical department, and Mini-cog score among different HEI classes and different adverse emotion groups(all P>0.05). The patients with adverse emotion had longer length of hospital stay(P=0.003) and higheraverage daily hospitalization costs(P=0.001); and the higher the HEI rating, the longer the length of hospital stay(P=0.000). HEI and adverse emotion correlated with the 7-day patient satisfaction(all P<0.05), the patients with adverse emotion had lower 7-day patient satisfaction. Conclusion HEI might predict the length of hospital stay, hospitalization costs, and patient satisfaction in elderly patients after surgery.

关键词(KeyWords): 华西心晴指数;老年;预测
Huaxi emotional-distress index;elderly;prediction

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家重点研发计划(2018YFC2001802);; 四川大学华西医院学科卓越发展1.3.5工程项目(zy2016103、zy2016203)

作者(Author): 李诗月;邓伟;杨磊;李茜;
LI Shi-yue;DENG Wei;YANG Lei;LI Qian;Department of Anesthesiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University;Mental Health Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University;

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