协和医学杂志

2015, v.6(03) 173-178

[打印本页] [关闭]
本期目录(Current Issue) | 过刊浏览(Past Issue) | 高级检索(Advanced Search)

腹腔脏器病变术前经腹超声检查漏诊及误诊原因
Causes of Missed Diagnosis and Misdiagnosis of Abdominal Organ Lesions in Preoperative Transabdominal Ultrasound

刘真真;杨萌;张一休;戴晴;李建初;韩洁;李康宁;张晓燕;徐雯;牛司华;王红燕;
LIU Zhen-zhen;YANG Meng;ZHANG Yi-xiu;DAI Qing;LI Jian-chu;HAN Jie;LI Kang-ning;ZHANG Xiao-yan;XU Wen;NIU Si-hua;WANG Hong-yan;Department of Ultrasound,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences &Peking Union Medical College;Department of Ultrasound,Peking University People's Hospital;

摘要(Abstract):

目的评估腹腔脏器病变患者术前经腹超声检查报告并分析超声漏诊及误诊的原因。方法通过病理工作站导出2013年3月1日至8月31日因腹腔脏器(肝脏、胆囊、胆管、胰腺、脾脏、肾脏、肾上腺和阑尾)病变于北京协和医院进行手术治疗的住院患者病理资料,评估相应超声报告,记录漏、误诊报告信息,分析漏、误诊原因。结果共评估超声报告1081份,漏、误诊报告58份(5.37%,58/1081),其中肝脏病变6例(5.77%,6/104),均为误诊;胆囊和胆管病变6例(1.30%,6/462),漏诊5例、误诊1例;胰腺病变14例(19.72%,14/71),均为漏诊;肾脏和肾上腺病变20例(6.47%,20/309),漏诊11例、误诊9例;阑尾病变12例(16.00%,12/75),漏诊11例、误诊1例。漏诊结节样病变最大径平均值显著低于误诊病变(P=0.001)。结论不同腹腔脏器病变因性质、部位、体积以及超声本身的局限性等原因导致超声漏诊或误诊,超声医师在临床工作中应做到全面、仔细、谨慎,了解各腹腔脏器病变的自身特点以及超声显像的局限性,不断积累经验,尽可能避免不必要的错误。
Objective To analyze the causes of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis of abdominal organ lesions through reviewing preoperative transabdominal ultrasound reports. Methods Data of the patients who received abdominal operation for abdominal organ lesions( including liver,gallbladder,biliary tract,pancreas,spleen,kidney,adrenal gland,and appendix) in Peking Union Medical College Hospital within the period from March 1 to August 31 in 2013 were exported from pathological workstation. The preoperative ultrasound reports of these patients were reviewed. The missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis cases were recorded,and causes of the mistakes were analyzed. Results Altogether 58 cases of missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis were identified from 1081 ultrasound reports( 5. 37%,58 /1081),including 6 liver lesions( 5. 77%,6 /104,all misdiagnosed),6 gall-bladder and biliary tract lesions( 1. 30%,6 /462,5 missed and 1 misdiagnosed),14 pancreatic lesions( 19. 72%,14 /71,all missed),20 kidney and adrenal lesions( 6. 47%,20 /309,11 missed and 9 misdiagnosed),and 12 appendical lesions( 16. 00%,12 /75,11 missed and 1 misdiagnosed). The average maximum diameter of the missed nodular lesions was significantly smaller than that of the misdiagnosed lesions( P =0. 001). Conclusions Missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis of ultrasound are attributable to various causes,including the nature,location,and size of abdominal organ lesions and the limitation of transabdominal ultrasound technology. The clinical ultrasound examination should be carried out very carefully and thoroughly. Ultrasound radiologists should have a thorough understanding of characteristics of different organ lesions and the limitation of ultrasound technique,in order to avoid missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis in clinical practice.

关键词(KeyWords): 超声诊断;质量控制;漏诊;误诊
ultrasound diagnosis;quality control;missed diagnosis;misdiagnosis

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation):

作者(Author): 刘真真;杨萌;张一休;戴晴;李建初;韩洁;李康宁;张晓燕;徐雯;牛司华;王红燕;
LIU Zhen-zhen;YANG Meng;ZHANG Yi-xiu;DAI Qing;LI Jian-chu;HAN Jie;LI Kang-ning;ZHANG Xiao-yan;XU Wen;NIU Si-hua;WANG Hong-yan;Department of Ultrasound,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences &Peking Union Medical College;Department of Ultrasound,Peking University People's Hospital;

Email:

DOI:

扩展功能
本文信息
服务与反馈
本文关键词相关文章
本文作者相关文章
中国知网
分享