协和医学杂志

2013, (04)

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手术及麻醉不良事件的监控与预防
Evaluation and Prevention of Surgical Adverse Events

马爽;朱斌;黄宇光

摘要(Abstract):

进入21世纪以来,医疗界日益关注医疗行为自身对患者安全构成的威胁。因此,探索对不良事件进行准确、高效和客观的监控与评估的方法,有助于我们明确目前医疗安全的真实情况,并为下一步改进医疗质量和促进患者安全提供科学的依据。本文回顾了近年来国外不良事件的相关研究,重点分析了其使用的各种不同不良事件评估方法的优缺点,同时亦复习了通过针对系统的改善医疗质量的手段。
The risks posed by medical practice to the patients’ safety have been gaining attention since the beginning of the new millennium. The exploration of an accurate, efficient and objective method for the monitoring and evaluation of the adverse events is vitally necessary, not only because it could facilitate the verification of the real situation regarding the medical safety, and also it will provide more solid scientific evidences for the improvement of both medical quality and patient safety. Several studies about adverse events have been reviewed in this paper. Different evaluation methods of the adverse events were compared for their advantages and disadvantages and several systematic measures aiming to improve medical quality were summarized as well.

关键词(KeyWords): |手术及麻醉不良事件|评估方法|预防措施|
|surgical adverse events| evaluation| prevention|

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作者(Author): 马爽;朱斌;黄宇光

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