协和医学杂志

2020, v.11(01) 1-5

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磁共振引导聚焦超声:现状与前景
Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound: Present and Prospect

周慷;石海峰;苏佰燕;薛华丹;金征宇;
ZHOU Kang;SHI Hai-feng;SU Bai-yan;XUE Hua-dan;JIN Zheng-yu;Department of Radiology,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences &Peking Union Medical College;

摘要(Abstract):

磁共振引导聚焦超声是近年出现的肿瘤热消融技术,利用超声束可穿过软组织并聚焦于靶区的特点,使靶区产生高温,致使组织凝固坏死,并通过磁共振实时监控治疗范围及靶区内温度变化,从而保证治疗效果及安全性。这种技术的优势在于完全无创、无须住院治疗、无须麻醉(仅需少量镇静剂)、无离子辐射,目前已广泛应用于子宫肌瘤/腺肌症、骨肿瘤、前列腺癌、功能性神经疾病、乳腺癌等的临床治疗,成为国内外研究的热点。
Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound( MRgFUS) is a new technique of tumor thermal ablation that has appeared in recent years. It is a kind of treatment that can use the ultrasonic beam to focus on the target after passing through soft tissue so that the target area produces a high temperature instantaneously and makes coagulating necrosis in the tissue. The range and temperature change of the treatment area are monitored by MR synchronously. This technology is completely non-invasive and non-ionizing with no anesthesia,no hospitalization,but only a small amount of sedatives required. At present,this treatment method is widely used in uterine fibroids/adenomyosis,bone tumors,prostate cancer,functional neural diseases,breast cancer,and so on. MRgFUS has become a hot topic of research and clinical application.

关键词(KeyWords): 磁共振引导聚焦超声;医学影像技术
magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound;medical imaging technology

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基金项目(Foundation): 中国医学科学院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项项目(2019PT320008、2018PT32003、2017PT32004)

作者(Author): 周慷;石海峰;苏佰燕;薛华丹;金征宇;
ZHOU Kang;SHI Hai-feng;SU Bai-yan;XUE Hua-dan;JIN Zheng-yu;Department of Radiology,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences &Peking Union Medical College;

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